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Everest Base Camp Trek in Spring

Everest Base Camp Trek in spring offers a unique colorful Camp set at Base Camp of Mt. Everest with sweeping mountain views and is located at the higher point of Khumbu valley which is standing on 5364m. Lukla is the gateway of the Everest region and whereas starting and ending point of the Everest Base Camp trek.

By now, thousands of trekkers have discovered for themselves the steamy, many-hilled trek to Khumbu and the Sherpa-inhabited region south of Everest Base Camp. This section briefly describes the walk to Namche Bazaar, the first village in Khumbu.

Mount Everest or the Khumbu region is in the Sagarmatha National Park which is a World Heritage Site since it is home to four of the world’s highest peaks. Moreover, the Everest Base Camp Trek is the most adventurous and thrilling trek for people who are interested in trekking.

Trekking into Everest Base Camp required 12 days to explore a variety of landscapes and enjoy the stunning picture of the Himalayas as well as Everest Base Camp. Hike to Kala Patthar is worthful from where you’ll get the best and close view of the world’s Mount Everest!

The Everest Base Camp trek became popular shortly after the first mountain summit by Edmund Hillary and Tenzing Norgay in 1953 May in spring. So you might be following in the footsteps of many. But finding your own adventure on this iconic trek is a challenge for most but the rewards.

The spring season in the Himalayas begins from mid-February to March and May, the fresh green vegetation and tree lines come into active with different wild flowers especially blooming the National flowers of Nepal (Rhododendron).

In the spring season, most of the days are clear for the tantalizing views of high mountains. As similar light clout comes to appear during the late afternoon, obstructing the views to till next morning.  After a wonderful Everest Base Camp trip, the return journey leads downhill to Tengboche, Namche Bazaar, and arrives at Lukla for a short memorable flight back to Kathmandu.

Why Everest Base Camp Trek?

  • The highlight place of Everest Base Camp Trek is Namche Bazaar is known as the capital of Sherpa where the best time to explore the Sherpa religion, culture, and customs. The capital of Namche is a large town built in the shape of a horseshoe.
  • Everest Base Camp trek takes to the place of Sagarmatha national park headquarters. It is a UNESCO world heritage site therefore you need a permit to enter the National park.
  • Along this site trail, you are very lightly to see rare animals  Mask deer, mountain goats, and different species of birds such as like Blood pheasant, Tibetan Snow Cock, Himalayan griffon, and  Nepal’s national bird the protected impeyan pheasant, called a Daphne in Nepali and also the full of the colorful blooming national flower of Nepal (rhododendron), Magnolia, Juniper and many more.
  • Everest Base Camp Trek is the home to beautiful Buddhist monasteries; the square red monastery in Tengboche is one of the great high historical monasteries in Khumbu. And there are several sacred colorful monasteries in Khumjung, Pangboche. These monasteries are the best way to study the spiritual side of the Himalayan peoples. Mainly these monasteries’ prayers are highlighted for the visitors.
  • Everest Base Camp is used now for trekking and also for expeditions. As you are in the spring season, this is peak climbing time for the summit so it will be a good time to see the thousands of people and the colorful camp set with tents as it should be full. The Everest Base Camp doesn’t give you proper views of the Top of The World. So you should have to go to Kalapathar the rocky scrambling black cliff rock.  This upper Kalapathar is 5550m, where you can see the Top of The World, vertical peak Lhotse, Ama Dablam, and famous south col 8000m where most expeditions have set their highest camp for summit Mt. Everest. Truly this is one of the world’s most majestic mountain views.

When is the best time to trek to Everest Base Camp?

Everest Base Camp trek in Spring

The best time to trek for Everest Base Camp is from mid of February to May and September to December. There are two seasons specially trekking in Everest Base Camp, that is spring and autumn season.

Spring season,

spring is from March to May and it gets hot in March, April, and May, just before the monsoon season.

Day time

The daytime temperature in March is around 12 degrees. This temperature goes up to 15-16 degrees in the month of April and peaks to almost 20 degrees in May. Devoid of biting cold and hot and wet summers, this is a glorious time for all Everest lovers.

Night time

The nighttime temperatures, although sometimes below zero are not alarmingly low. The lowest that nighttime temperatures get is -8 in March. This increases to -5 degrees in April and -3 in May

2: Autumn Season, autumn is September to December, early September is still will be raining and beautiful part of greenery and sky blue weather will be unbelievable. October and November is one of the perfect weather times for trekking in Everest Base camp. December reaches below zero temperatures but weather would be very clear and days are still beautiful and warm.

Day time

The maximum daytime temperature starts to go down from 20 degrees in September and falls to 12 degrees in November. The sun will not be as warm as that in the summers, but that is expected.

Night time

In September the average nighttime temperature is almost 3 degrees. This starts to fall down and reach about -7 degrees in November

Difficulties during Everest Base Camp Trek

Flight to Lukla

For all the Everest Treks you will be flying from Kathmandu to Lukla and then at the end of the trek, you will need to do the return flight. This flight is very weather dependent and can be delayed or cancelled at short notice if the weather is not suitable for this mountain flight. At Top of the World Treks, we will do our best to manage this situation and if your flight is cancelled we will do all we can to get you on the next available flight. It maybe is possible for a helicopter to be charted but this will be at an extra cost and up to the group at the time. We plan extra days into our itineraries in case this happens but you are also welcome to plan extra days if you wish.

We can arrange sightseeing and tours in Kathmandu if you wish on these extra days. If the weather continues to see cancellation then it must be decided on the group whether to continue to wait or transfer the trek to another region such as Annapurna, Langtang or Manaslu.  We will fully advise you if this becomes the case.

Altitude sickness

As we ascend above 3,000 meters, our bodies have to acclimatize to the decreasing amount of oxygen available. Failure to acclimatize may result in AMS. The onset of AMS is signaled by the symptoms set out below out mild AMS, and its progression to severe AMS under the headings HACE and HAPE. The best treatment for AMS is prevention as even mild symptoms may rapidly progress to the severe form of AMS (HACE and HAPE), which can be rapidly fatal. Any one symptom listed may indicate the onset of AMS.

Khumbu Cough

The Khumbu cough is in Everest Base Camp trek up to  Manjo. The dry caugh also referred to as the dust and high altitude hack and the cough caused by the low humidity and temperatures associated with high altitudes.

Wi-Fi, ATM and showers price is extremely high.

In Everest Base Camp trek there is no any ATM machine to get cash from your card but money exchange is available with low rate than in Kathmandu. Using internet and Wi-Fi is available in the every places of Everest base camp trek but the price is very expensive it is depend on you to use. Hot shower also available till altitude of 4000m it is also expensive.

How to Avoid Mountain Sickness in Everest Base Camp Trek

Everest Base Camp trek in Spring

Ascent slowly, Keep to a maximum ascend rate (height between sleeping places) of 400 meters per day above 3000 meters and 250 meters per day above 4000meters.

Avoid dehydration. Drink sufficient water (3 – 4) liters or more per day at altitude) to keep your urine pale and plentiful.

Proper Acclimatization, do not allowed strenuous exercise while acclimatizing. 

Avoid alcohol and cigarettes, during trekking up to the Everest Base camp is strictly prohibited alcohol and cigarettes because of your health security and to be prepared with mentally.

What is Important to Everest Base Camp Trek?

Everest Base Camp trek in Spring

Please be aware that your safety while in Nepal is our number one propriety.  All itineraries are subject to change if there are safety concerns, health concerns of people in the group, and/or weather concerns.  This will be decided by the trek leader but we will always discuss the options with the group where possible to ensure people’s wishes are taken into account, however, the trek leader’s decision is final.

Now, you have it all about why intrepid trekkers will choose the Everest Base Camp Trek in Spring. Learn more at www.topoftheworldtreks.com for other destinations as well as the trekking season.

Khopra Ridge Trek

Khopra Ridge Treks is one of the most beautiful trekking trails which cover hidden treasures of Annapurna region. The lush green forests, peaceful surrounding and the panoramic views of Annapurna and Dhaulagiri are the best rewards for your trekking efforts. This trekking route offers off the beaten less-crowd and remote with sweeping mountain views. Khopra is located at an altitude of 3660 meters.

The region is home to two big festivals in Khayer Lake every year. The local people gather on the top of the ridge once in March and April and again in July and August. The villagers take blood from a yak and drink its blood while it is still warm! They believe that this will cure any illness. It is also the time people believe that they will receive everything they pray for including a wife, and also women asking for fertility.

Khopra Ridge trek known as Khayer Lake. This classical trek is an alternative to the popular trek, Annapurna Base Camp Trek (4130m) Choosing this trek will take you to even higher altitude than Annapurna Base Camp within a short time the Khayer Lake is (4700m) the highest point of the trek.

Why trek in to Khopra Ridge?

Khopra Ridge Trek

01: Close-up view of Mt. Dhaulagiri – 8167m (Seventh Highest Mountain in the world) and Mt. Nilgiri along with other Annapurna mountain ranges.

02: Tantalizing views of Mt. Annapurna 8091m and all Annapurna range from Mulde view point.

03: Catch sights of rare species like Dzos, Himalayan Tahr, Danphe etc.

04: An uninterrupted view of Sunrise from Mulde view point (3400m) and Khopra Ridge (3660m).

05: Walk along the rhododendron and orchid forests of Annapurna Conservation Area Project (ACAP).

06: Thrilling views of the Kali Gandaki gorge, which is the deepest gorge in the world.

07: Khayer Lake (4750m) situated in the foot of Annapurna South.

08: Watch Mountain Yak and stay in a community lodges and tea houses.

How difficult is Khopra Ridge Trek??

Khopra Ridge Trek

Khopra Ridge Trek is a moderate level trek. It is not difficult for a regular trekking lover. However, the trekkers have to be ready to gain, 3,640m within 5 days, which comes an average 600 m of elevation every day and 5 to 6 hours of walking. 

It is recommended that if you are first time gaining experience of trekking to altitudes higher than 3000m, then think one level up with this trek.  If you are a beginner but committed to preparing, then you need at least 1 to2 months to prepare physically & mentally for this trek.

When trek to Khopra Ridge?


Autumn (September, October, and November) Winter (December, January and February) Spring (March, April, and May) are the best seasons for completing the Annapurna Khopra Ridge trek. All those trekkers who come to complete this trek they come in these three seasons. The weather is often clear in these seasons. So you can see some stunning views Mt. Annapurna and Dhaulagiri range.

Autumn season,

From (September to November) are considered as the perfect seasons to start up Khopra Ridge trek. Moderate temperature, green vegetation and clear weather with negligible issues are the terms and conditions that demonstrate, autumn seasons is the great.

Winter Season,

Winter is not as cold in Annapurna Khopra Ridge trek as like other high-altitude treks. December and January reaches below zero temperatures in night but weather would be cold and very clear but days are still beautiful and warm. The views of mountains are the most amazing in the winter season.

Spring Season,

spring is March to May and it gets hot in March, April and May, just before the monsoon season.The temperature in March is around 12 degrees. This temperature goes up to 15-16 degrees in the month of April and peaks to almost 20 degrees in May.

Summer season,

If you prepare for the occasional showers and slippery trails by having sturdy trekking equipment to keep the effect of rain away, you can enjoy the Annapurna Khopra Ridge in the summer season as well.

Khopra Ridge Trek

How to avoid mountain sickness in Khopra Ridge Trek?

Ascent slowly, Keep to a maximum ascend rate (height between sleeping places) of 400 meters per day above 3000 meters and 250 meters per day above 4000meters.

Avoid dehydration. Drink sufficient water (3 – 4) liters or more per day at altitude) to keep your urine pale and plentiful.

Proper Acclimatization, do not allowed strenuous exercise while acclimatizing. 

Avoid alcohol and cigarettes, during trekking up to the Everest Base camp is strictly prohibited alcohol and cigarettes because of your health security and to be prepared with mentally.

What is Important to Khopra Ridge Trek?

Khopra Ridge Trek

Please be aware that your safety while in Nepal is our number one propriety.  All itineraries are subject to change if there are safety concerns, health concerns of people in the group and/or weather concerns.  This will be decided by the trek leader but we will always discuss the options with the group where possible to ensure peoples wishes are taken into account, however, the Treks leader decision is final.

Tiji Festival in Upper Mustang.

Tiji Festival, celebrated annually in the walled city of Lo Manthang is one of the most important and colorful festival in Upper Mustang. This is an old story about chasing the demons from the sacred land of Lo Manthang. The festival marks the end of the dry season in Mustang. Local devotees gather from all over the Mustang. So does foreigners. Centuries old religious ceremonies will be performed by Buddhist Monks. Equipped with colorful costumes and masks Lama performs several religious dances. This all happens in the courtyard of the King’s palace. The story reflects the war in between deity named Dorje Jono who had battled against his demon father.

Being in the rain shadow of Annapurna and Dhaulagiri Massif region receives a very rare rainfall. You can imagine the importance of water in such dry land. Destruction mode was activated on the father of Deity Dorje Jono. He was trying to destroy the kingdom of Upper Mustang by creating a shortage of water. According the myth Dorje Jono defeats all the demons and banishes them from the kingdom. This entire story is demonstrated by several dances and shows. This is a symbolic demonstration of good over evil. Upper mustang was closed until 1992 for foreigners. According to the rumors Michel Peissel was the first western people to witness the celebration of Tiji Festival. It dates back 1964. We are not sure how he got permission to enter the Kaligandaki Valley ahead Kagbeni. According to the historical kingdom was formed during the 14th Century. Entire settlement is fenced with high walls. This is the reason why Lo Manthang is often known as city of wall. According to the local legends entire city is divided into four smaller subunits. Each unit gets their named on the basis of their guardian deities.

Word Tiji is derived from Tenji. According to Tibetan dictionary Tenji mean “praying for world peace”. Dates for the festival are derived on the basis of Tibetan Calendar. Every year. According to the Tibetan Calendar it happens on the third month during 19th to 21st. According to the English calendar festival is held in mid of the fifth month. After earthquake had left few impacts on Upper Mustang. It is ok to trek entire region depending on teahouse. We will organize private and group joining tour for the 2022Tiji Festival.

How is the Tiji festival celebrated?

In the event of Tiji festival, the main dancer, Tsowa completes a three month of retreat before the main event of the festival. During the main event, the members of Mustang royal family and all the villagers of the seven provinces of Upper Mustang/Lo Chhodun participates to witness this sacred dance, which is done along with many other rituals. According to the Mustang (Lobo) dialect, it is Tiji or Tenchi, which is the part of the meditation practice based on the Tantra text related to Vajrakumar/Vajrakila. However, the original name of this sacred dance is Tenpa Chirim, which means the benefits of Buddha’s teaching and all sentient beings. It is also believed that the performers of this dance receive empowerment of Vajrakila.

Tiji Festival in Upper Mustang

Three Days of Tiji Fastival Date in 2022:

The First Day

The first day of Tiji festival is being celebrated on 27th of May in 2022, and when the afternoon Lamas play Kangling and two twelve feet cooper dunchens. The double reeled horns, drums, and cymbals are also played along. The music is very unique and Lo-Monthang becomes loud and musical.

Afterward, a three story high, enormous Tibetan ancient art Thanka of Guru Rimpoche Padmasambhava gets unrolled down the south wall of the square.

In the late afternoon gelong and lamas wearing traditional maroon and gold costume with high red hats arrive at the square. They take their respective seats along the wall where the Thanka hangs. The main priest sits on the elevated seat in the center.

Now, the masked dancers start performing the mythical act via dancing. Dorje Jono and his powerful sword dance when he fights the demon are magical. Towards the end of the dance, Dorje Jono destroys the demon.

The Second Day

After Dorje Jono kills the demon, people believe that their misfortune ends bringing peace, harmony, prosperity in their kingdom. Also, they believe that water becomes plentiful at Lo-Manthang again as the demon dies.

On the second day of festival is 28th of May in 2022, and the festival will start by local women are wearing their traditional clothes and colorful jewelry coming to the square from the nearby villages. The square fills with cheerful monks, women, and children wearing their colorful dresses.

The dancers wear elaborated costumes. The ceremonial King of Mustang “wears a whole crown of tiny river pearls set off by dozens of large red coralline tones. He wears beautiful pieces of antique pieces of jewelry and matched ornaments of turquoise.

People wear beautiful costumes and masks. They look cheerful and happy. The twelve-foot horns, the gold cups of wheat, the butter cakes are attractive. The wind, sun, and the beautiful surrounding views make a beautiful combo.

The Third Day

This is the last day of the celebration of Tiji festival which is 29st of May in 2022. The festival ends with a grand celebration. On this day, they destruct the remainings of the evil. The ceremonial destruction is unique. They represent the destruction with some long black yak hair and red torma cakes minced to a dark red furry.

The demons red remnants are set out on an old tiger skin. People attack the skin with bow and arrows, slings, and old guns. The heavy gunfire from the old muzzle-loaders overturns the remains of the demons upon the ground. The Tiji festival ends with the demise of the demon.